Detoxification (detox) diets are more popular than ever.
These diets claim to clean the blood and eliminate harmful toxins from the body.
However, it is not entirely clear how they do this, what they’re supposed to eliminate and if they actually work.
This is a detailed review of detox diets and their health effects.
There are many ways to do a detox diet, ranging from total starvation fasts and juicing to simpler food modifications.
Most detox diets involve at least one of the following (1):
Fasting for 1–3 days. Drinking fresh fruit and vegetable juices, smoothies, water and tea. Drinking only specific liquids, such as salted water or lemon juice.
Eliminating foods high in heavy metals, contaminants and allergens.
Taking supplements or herbs.
Avoiding all allergenic foods, and then slowly reintroducing them.
Using laxatives, colon cleanses or enemas.
Completely eliminating alcohol, coffee, cigarettes and refined sugar