is acne genetic

The mechanics of acne are pretty much controlled by your genetics. So, don’t blame yourself for having acne-prone skin. Genetics determine how your body’s immune system responds to bacteria; one person may have only blackheads while another gets explosive red and tender nodules. Genetics also play a role in how easily your pores become plugged. For example, you may have inherited the ability to overproduce dead skin cells, and then shed them in a way that clogs your pores. Redness and pigmentation are functions of your skin color. The lighter your skin, the more redness you are likely to see, while dark pigmentation hides the red, inflammatory response. Darker skin clears with a brownish pink spot (postinflammatory hyperpigmentation) that often remains for months or even years. The bottom line is your genes are the underlying reason for your acne, as well as what type of acne you have. Other factors, which we will discuss later, are influencers.

And genetics are unpredictable. Even in identical twins, one person may get tiny little pimples that last a week, while the other develops cysts that scar. If both of your parents had significant acne, your risk for developing acne also is very high. Because 85% of the population experiences breakouts at some point in their lifetime, you won’t be alone


Genetics do play a role. Just like the color of your eyes and the shape of your nose, acne seems to be hereditary.

So if Mom or Dad (or both) had acne, it’s more likely that you’ll develop it too.

And the more members of your family with acne, the greater the chances you have of developing the problem.

Incidentally, whether or not your mother had acne seems to more strongly determine your chances of developing this skin problem. Some studies have shown the incidence of acne increases if the mother had acne at any point in her life. This suggests that the propensity for developing acne may be passed down through the X chromosome.

Acne has not been known or proven to be genetic. It is based largely on your diet, personal hygiene, and stress management. When puberty hits, it is almost inevitable to be hit by a small wave of pimples.

Sugar is the leading cause in stimulating the hormones that cause your face to break out, but deficiency in certain nutrients like iron can cause insulin (blood sugar) levels to rise. Eating a lot of vegetables can help prevent acne.

Taking showers that are too hot and steamy may cause you to sweat more than you’re actually hydrating your pores. This will dry out and oil up your pores, causing you to break out in more areas than just your face. Getting more sleep and reducing stress levels by upping activities like exercise will also stunt the hormones that cause pimples to form.

While there is no way to totally avoid it at puberty, acne can be combatted by fixing hydration and hygiene habits, as well as making a conscious effort to cleanse your skin daily with exfoliating and healing medication.