Getting to a definite diagnosis of prostate cancer takes a few steps. You might notice a few symptoms, or the idea might not show up on your radar until a routine screening test produces abnormal results. If that’s already happened, it doesn’t always mean you have prostate cancer.
The only way to confirm prostate cancer is with a biopsy. But it’s possible to rule out prostate cancer and eliminate your need for a biopsy through other screening tests, including:
digital rectal exam (DRE)
free prostate specific antigen (PSA) test
transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)
urine test to determine your Mi-prostate score (MiPS)
Continue reading to learn more about prostate cancer testing and when a biopsy might be necessary.
The prostate specific antigen (PSA) test is a common screening test for prostate cancer. PSA is a protein that comes from the prostate gland. The test measures the amount of PSA in your blood. It’s a simple blood test, and for some men, it turns out to be a lifesaver.
On the other hand, its value as a diagnostic tool is fairly limited. High PSA levels may be a sign of prostate cancer, but it’s not enough to diagnose the disease with certainty. That’s because there are other reasons your PSA levels could be high, including urinary tract infection and inflammation of the prostate.