what is orientation and how is it affected by dementia

Oriented x 1 = awareness of person
Sometimes, a person is oriented only to himself. That means he knows who he is but can’t recall anyone else—for example, who they are or what their names are.

Oriented x 2 = knowledge of place
Location may include general awareness of where the person is at, such as a hospital, room number at a nursing home, city and state.

Oriented x 3 = knowledge of time/date
Time may include date, time of day and season.

Oriented x 4 = knowledge of event
Event awareness may include what just happened or why he’s at the hospital