After your doctor confirms that you have cancer, the next step is to discuss cancer treatment options with you.
The main objective of this cancer treatment is to cure. Second objectives of your cancer treatment are to prolong life and improve patient’s life quality.
Usually your treatment options will depend on your cancer type, size and location of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread, and your overall health status.
In the next phase of your life, you may soon be familiar with common terminology in cancer treatment, such as: surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, biologic therapy and transplant option.
The basic principle in cancer treatment is to remove the tumor before it has spread. Thus placing surgery as first line option therapy. If the tumor is too big to be removed, then doctor may suggest a radiation therapy to reduce the size of the tumor before surgery. This is called neo-adjuvant therapy.
For an invasive case, your doctor may suggest chemotherapy after surgery. This is called adjuvant therapy.
If your cancer has spread to other organ and surgery is not possible, doctor may suggest a direct chemotherapy instead, thus killing the tumor by administering high toxic drugs through your blood stream.
Targeted therapy, biologic therapy and transplant are other cancer treatment options used in a complex case, like advance stage cancer or recurrent cancer.