Can mosquito bites cause rheumatoid arthritis?

In the last two years there have been increasing reports of mosquito-borne infectious arthritides. Dengue fever was best known until the introduction of viral infections due to chikungunya and Zika.

All three of these are unified by linkage with the vector (the Aedes egypti mosquito), increasing numbers in the Caribbean and topics (with spillover exposure and illness in US travelers), and clinical features that include fever, rash, and arthritis.

While reports of Zika viral infections have proliferated recently, all three entities are possible for those living in or traveling to, endemic regions. This review will compare and contrast each, with a focus on diagnosis, testing and treatment options.