Ascites refers to abnormal accumulation fluid in the abdominal (peritoneal) cavity. The most common cause of ascites is cirrhosis of the liver. Treatment of ascites depends on its underlying cause
Ascites is most often caused by liver scarring. This increases pressure inside the liver’s blood vessels. The increased pressure can force fluid into the abdominal cavity, causing ascites.
Liver damage is the single biggest risk factor for ascites. Some causes of liver damage include:
hepatitis B or C
a history of alcohol use
Other conditions that may increase your risk of ascites include:
ovarian, pancreatic, liver, or endometrial cancer
heart or kidney failure
.When fluid builds up inside the abdomen, it is known as ascites. Ascites usually occurs when the liver stops working properly. Fluid fills the space between the lining of the abdomen and the organs.
People with cirrhotic ascites have a two-year survival rate of approximately 50 percent. If you experience ascites symptoms, talk to your doctor as soon as possible.